Make users happy by focusing on top tasks
Most local gov webbies will probably already be aware that the focus of Socitm’s 2012 Better Connected review will be on managing top tasks and improving the user experience of Council websites. As a dyed-in-the-wool user experience fanatic I fully support this direction.
Whether your web team takes the Better Connected report with a pinch of salt, or work painstakingly to address all the reviewers’ findings, is neither here nor there, in my opinion. What is important is that Better Connected is aiming to address fundamental problems with the user experience of Council websites.
Now as a local gov web manager, I am painfully aware of the constraints we all work under as Council web teams. Resources and budget can be limited and Council websites can be sprawling, monstrous beasts to control, maintain and improve. And then there’s the governance issues and organisational politics we all have to deal with. Politics with a small ‘p’ and a big ‘P’. But with a bit of determination and a focus on top tasks, I think we really can improve the experience of citizens who have no choice but to Council websites to access certain public services.
On 15 September I attended Socitm’s top task event in London. I was speaking alongside Conor Moody and Kevin Jump from Liverpool Direct and (what an act to follow) the hugely entertaining Gerry McGovern. In the afternoon there were a series of workshops by the Better Connected reviewers and an RNIB accessibility expert. The event was put together by Martin Greenwood and the rest of the Socitm team.
In this context a top task is deemed to be:
the things that users come to your site to do most frequently
On a Council website examples of top tasks are:
- finding out when your rubbish/recycling bins will be collected
- checking school term dates
- renewing a library book
- paying council tax
- finding bus routes and times
Although I’ve given a similar talk before, I’ve embedded my updated slides from my talk below to provide some context for those that didn’t attend the event.
Here’s a quick summary of the main points I will take away from the event.
1. Don’t believe what users say, observe what they do through regular, remote user testing sessions
Gerry McGovern used a great example in his talk to demonstrate how easy it is for web professionals to think they understand how users behave, rather than observing how users actually behave. The two are often poles apart. I always love usability testing sessions because they are so eye opening. User testing gives your real insights into your users / customers and confidence in how to improve your website and web content.
But whilst we already do user testing, we don’t do it often enough. Recruiting users has proved to be time consuming and difficult. Gerry advised that we would be better off doing shorter, more frequent remote testing sessions using something like Go To Meeting to connect remotely to participants. This is something I’m pretty sold on now, having recently read Steve Krug’s book Rocket Surgery Made Easy. If you’re doing user testing on a budget I would highly recommend Steve’s book. He famously has ‘a common sense approach to web usability‘ and provides very clear instructions, tips, guidance and checklists for user testing, which are all incredibly useful.
2. Get control of your content
Getting a handle on content governance is probably second most important thing we need to do to improve our website. If you have no control over what content is being created customer experience can really suffer. Devolved web publishing seemed like a great idea a few years ago. Complex content workflows were created with hundreds (I’m not kidding) of content, or CMS, authors and publishers, who are trained and given permissions to use the CMS. But where are we now?
- We have thousands of pages and documents, making it increasingly hard for users to come to our website and quickly and easily carry out a task. As Gerry said confusing menus and navigation are one of the prime reasons websites fail.
- Navigation and content development are not driven by user needs, but rather by the organisation’s perception of what users need. Web content authors and publishers need to own customer journeys. They need access to web analytics and customer feedback. They should carry out or observe user testing sessions to truly understand what customers need, what terminology they use and how they behave.
- We have noticed that often web pages appear to be submitted for approval then approved almost instantly, showing that our approval process is not really adding any value to the process of web content publishing.
Re-gaining control of your content is not as easy as it sounds. We’re tackling this by:
- Asking CMS authors who manage sections of the website to carry out content audits and identify what content to delete and improve. I’ve created a spreadsheet to do this based on the method outlined in Kristina Halvorson’s Content Strategy book and I’ll write a separate blog post in due course on how we’re approaching this.
- Re-defining what kind of content governance is needed e.g. greater control through centralisation and defining specific processes and skills that are required.
3. Re-design your information architecture so there is just one way to navigate to top tasks
I have to admit this can be a daunting task, but more and more Councils are ditching the Local Government Navigation List standard and designing a top task focused IA like Liverpool City Council’s website. There may be similarities between the navigation on your Council’s website and other Council websites (or if you don’t work in local gov, on a competitor website), but you must remember website IA must be based on what your users need. So be inspired by similar websites, but don’t copy them!
Some of the methods we are hoping to use to re-design are IA are:
- Top task voting (read Gerry McGovern’s excellent book for details on how to do this).
- Card sorting, using tools like OptimalSort and TreeJack.
4. Don’t let the tiny tasks get in the way of the top tasks
“At night the tiny tasks go to bed and dream about being top tasks”
It’s easier said than done, but as Gerry pointed out in his talk, sometimes the tiny tasks can make a customer’s journey on your website really difficult. They can also result in your customers mistakenly thinking they have got the right information to answer their question, when in actual fact they’ve got the wrong information. This is a disaster and when the customer realises their mistake, they are unlikely to trust your website again.
Kevin Jump highlighted how Liverpool have separated Council policies and strategies from service delivery on the Liverpool City Council website. Policies have to be on the site, but are in the About the Council section and don’t clutter up the top tasks pages of their website.
One of our biggest challenges is how we make our website work for customers, when it is also being used by our customer service advisers in the call centre as a knowledge-base. There’s a real conflict between focusing on making top tasks easy to complete for customers and providing information that may be useful to someone, but is only needed infrequently (the tiny tasks). Similarly you may have information on your website which is more aimed at staff and customer service advisers than customers.
Now don’t get me wrong. I’ve not got it in for tiny tasks! I don’t want to remove all tiny tasks from our website, because they have a use. But taking Gerry’s advice we are planning to use hidden pages to provide links to the information that doesn’t meet user’s top tasks (i.e. the tiny tasks). We’ll also aim to gather evidence through user testing our tasks on where the tiny tasks are harming top tasks. Along the way there will be compromises to be made, but hopefully over time we’ll achieve a solution that works for customers and customer service advisers.
Managing top tasks requires a lot of research and constant, iterative user testing and tweaking.
But the more you do it, the easier it gets.
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